Redmine on CentOS installation HOWTO » History » Version 44
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Alex Tremblay, 2012-10-26 05:04
I ran into an issue of not having the g++ compiler installed on an amazon linux install, and the "instructions" of the passenger-install-apache2-module script were quite useless
Redmine on CentOS installation HOWTO¶
- Redmine on CentOS installation HOWTO
- Install pre-dependencies
- Install Redmine
- Link Redmine to the Database
- Rails Settings
- Apache Settings
This works with CentOS versions 5 and 6 and describes how to get Redmine 1.3.2 set up.
- Apache is up and running
- Apache has previously been used and works quite well
- MySQL is up and running
- MySQL has previously been used and works quite well
- Your are logged as root
- The next steps are done successively without errors
- You can of course use vi/vim as your editor of choice instead of nano, if you know what you are doing. ;)
yum -y install zlib-devel curl-devel openssl-devel httpd-devel apr-devel apr-util-devel mysql-devel
Things after *#* are comments, and it is no use to type this stuff in ;)
cd ~/Downloads # YOUR FOLDER OF CHOICE ftp ftp.ruby-lang.org
ftp> Anonymous # USERLOGIN ftp> 'none', just hit Enter # NO PASSWORD ftp> cd /pub/ruby ftp> get ruby-1.8.7.pXXX.tar.gz # XXX is currently 358, as of 03/2012 ftp> bye
tar zxvf ruby-1.8.7.pXXX.tar.gz
cd ruby-1.8.7.pXXX ./configure make make install
If this does not work, it is probably because there is no ruby at /usr/bin to be found.
If it works, skip directly to "RubyGems 1.4.2".
(Only in case ruby -v is NOT working)
which ruby # TO CHECK WHERE IT SHOULD BE whereis ruby # TO CHECK WHERE IT IS INSTALLED
which returns like /usr/bin/ along with other directories (where ruby is expected to be), and whereis returns like /usr/local/bin/ruby (thats where ruby actually lies).
Fix via adding /usr/local/bin to $PATH¶
(Do this with your editor of choice, if you do not like nano.)
Make the section with pathmunge look alike like this:
#Path manupulation if [ "$EUID" = "0" ]; then pathmunge /sbin pathmunge /usr/sbin pathmunge /usr/local/sbin pathmunge /usr/local/bin # ADDED THIS else pathmunge /usr/local/bin after # ADDED THIS pathmunge /usr/local/sbin after pathmunge /usr/sbin after pathmunge /sbin fi
OR ADD THIS AT THE END OF THE FILE:
nano /etc/profile export PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/bin"
This sets the PATH for all Users beside root. For this setup you want to change the PATH for root, too:
nano ~/.bashrc export PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/bin"
Logout your user and login again, to make the changes work.
Fix via Symlink Creation¶
This is not recommended, since if the ruby dependency is broken, others will likely be later on, too. Repair this by adding the folder to the $PATH variable like described before, else gem, rake, bundle, passenger-install-apache2-module will not work either... you would have to create symlinks for them later on, too.
Symlinks are created like this
ln -s /usr/local/bin/ruby /usr/bin/ruby
Verify ruby to be working¶
which ruby # MUST RETURN PATH TO RUBY ruby -v # MUST RETURN RUBY VERSION cd ..
Now it has to work. When changing $PATH variable, did you log out and log on again with your current user?
If this does not function properly, other things later on will also not work.
Does not work with Gems 1.5!
tar zxvf rubygems-1.4.2.tgz
cd rubygems-1.4.2 ruby setup.rb
Do things work?¶
... else the cause is the same as with the ruby problem before...
Regular install method¶
Requires C++ compiler to complete.
Note: in some CentOS-like linux distros (RHEL, Amazon Linux) the C++ compiler does not come as part of the GCC compiler package. If that's the case, it can be installed with the following command:
yum install gcc-c++
gem install passenger passenger-install-apache2-module
The install process is interactive and you wil be told what to do. How to install missing dependencies is described exactly. JUST READ!
Alternative install method¶
Install mod_passenger RPM for Apache from the following location:
rpm -Uvh http://passenger.stealthymonkeys.com/rhel/5/passenger-release.noarch.rpm yum install mod_passenger
rpm --import http://passenger.stealthymonkeys.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-stealthymonkeys.asc yum install http://passenger.stealthymonkeys.com/rhel/6/passenger-release.noarch.rpm yum install mod_passenger
service httpd restart
wget http://rubyforge.org/frs/download.php/75910/redmine-1.3.2.tar.gz # GET LATEST VERSION ON RUBYFORGE
tar zxvf redmine-1.3.2.tar.gz
Copy the folder to its HTTP document root folder¶
mkdir /var/www/redmine cp -av redmine-1.3.2/* /var/www/redmine
Link Redmine to the Database¶
Install MySQL DB Server¶
yum install mysql-server chkconfig mysqld on service mysqld start /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation
Create a MySQL database to use with Redmine¶
Start the mysql client:
mysql -u root -p
The version you have is shown in the welcome message.
Enter the following commands in the mysql console: (without repeating the prompt ;) )
mysql> create database redmine character set utf8;
Latest MySQL Version¶
mysql> create user 'redmine'@'localhost' identified by 'my_password'; mysql> grant all privileges on redmine.* to 'redmine'@'localhost'; mysql> \q
For versions of MySQL prior to 5.0.2¶
Skip the 'create user' step and do instead:
mysql> grant all privileges on redmine.* to 'redmine'@'localhost' identified by 'my_password'; mysql> \q
Now the database and a user to be used with it is created. Also the user has the rights to work on the database that was created.
There you have to enter the user:password combination (redmine:my_password) in the config file, so Redmine can actually talk to the database (redmine).
cd /var/www/redmine/config cp database.yml.example database.yml nano database.yml
Change it to look like:
production: adapter: mysql database: redmine host: localhost username: redmine password: my_password encoding: utf8
The other entries are not important, since we will use only the production environment. But if you would need the development or test environment, don't forget the create additional databases. Don't use the same database for production and testing or development environment!
Dependency management with bundler¶
For more info go to the bundler site.
gem install bundler
Put the following into the file you just opened:
# file: /var/www/redmine/Gemfile source "http://rubygems.org" gem "rake", "0.8.3" gem "rack", "1.1.0" gem "i18n", "0.4.2" gem "rubytree", "0.5.2", :require => "tree" gem "RedCloth", "~>4.2.3", :require => "redcloth" # for CodeRay gem "mysql" gem "coderay", "~>0.9.7"
Save and exit the editor.
Install the provided dependencies¶
cd /var/www/redmine bundle install
Set environment to "production"¶
Rails has the concept of environments to represent the stages of an application’s lifecycle: test, development, and production by default.
Specify your choice with the RAILS_ENV environment variable.
Production has less verbose logging and is a bit faster, testing and development environment are not needed anyway for your Redmine.
Uncomment the following line at top of the file:
ENV['RAILS_ENV'] ||= 'production'
Generate the session store¶
(In the terminal again...)
RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake generate_session_store
Migrate the database models¶
RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake db:migrate
Load default data (optional)¶
RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake redmine:load_default_data
Rename dispatch CGI files in /redmine/public/¶
cd /var/www/redmine/public cp dispatch.cgi.example dispatch.cgi cp dispatch.fcgi.example dispatch.fcgi cp dispatch.rb.example dispatch.rb
Configure Apache to host the documents¶
more information can be found here: HowTo configure Apache to run Redmine
Edit .htaccess file for CGI dispatch configuration¶
cd /var/www/redmine/public cp htaccess.fcgi.example .htaccess
Fix rights for the apache user¶
cd /var/www chown -R apache:apache redmine chmod -R 755 redmine
This should be everything.
Redmine is now installed and usable.